the Pinhole!

The pinhole camera! One of the most fascinating contributions to the world of photography. It was founded by mathematician, scientist, and inventor, Ibn al-Haytham. He was abled to build pinhole cameras way before the modern development of photography. He was an absolute genius because he basically figured out why the sun does what it does and calculate the Earth’s atmosphere way before spaceflight.

Above is my own pinhole camera. In the top left corner, you can see how I figured out to create a shutter that stays put with a bent piece of tape. It was very difficult to figure out what kind of shutter I wanted because the box that I chose wasn’t big or small but narrow and skinny. So, I wanted a small shutter and at first I thought of just tape or cardboard but, since this camera was very different I wanted something small but convenient. I look around my surroundings and spot, wire, tape, and black thick matte board. I had to apply a lot of tape to hold down the wire and after I completely taped the wire down, I pulled about 3 inches of tape and folded 2 1/2 inches of it to hold on to the shutter itself to allow me to expose without difficulty. The inside of the camera has a shelf made out of cardboard for paper or film.

I still have to decorate my camera and have a finished print but I will update when that is done.

Materials needed:

  1. Box that is completely dark in the inside
  2. Tape (Electrical tape is preferred)
  3. Black matte board
  4. Scissors
  5. Copper sheet metal
  6. 7 inches of wire



Jen Davis’ Self.

The essay “Self-Portraits,” by Hannah Frieser, that was dedicated to Jen Davis’ social changing photographs and how they challenged the viewer to look deeper into the photograph–the memorable source of sophistication.

Some of the photographs she took were a reflection of how she grew to understand the struggle of how her emotional and physical, impacted her weight. “One of the most iconic images of her early work is…Pressure Point.” Davis’ photo’s are not documentary images that were photographed at the actual time a situation formally occurred but showcased a potential of relativism. The images did happen but, each photograph borrows heavily from real moments and showcases with very real feelings.

This essay is beyond the essentialism of viewing a women’s body as if society were allowed to do such bullying.

Davis on her earlier images: “They show situations that especially women can easily relate to as universal struggles with body image. Her identity struggles are not so different from many young women who find themselves judged by a male gaze as their bodies blossom into maturity. Yet rather than push back against this gaze, Davis turns to quiet self-examination.”

Jen has the capability to raise and uplift Trans Women of Color through her images be there for support all the way and because she wants to be able to shape each scenario, whether realistic or a daydream, into something that is, “frank and self-inquisitive.” She creates them because is it her way of revealing what society is afraid of talking about?


All you need is some sunlight entering a tiny hollow circle.



preferred lighting.

Hey, light it up through this tutorial!

It talks about how the different types of keys define the overall tone of the final portrait. There’s three different kind of keys: low, middle, and high. To identify the key of a portrait you can determine the average tone for the scene.

Each key has it’s way of functioning: low key is created by using a dark background and dark clothing and props-it has more dark elements than bright ones. The shoot may be shot with a higher ratio as contrast is acceptable due to the drama of a lower tone.

Middle key is the set tone that is in the middle of high and low. The way you can set this tone is by using skin tone and clothing may be used to accent the tone of the skin with contrast rather than allowing all elements to blend together.

High key is setup completely differently. It requires more lighting, power and equipment! Aside that, it also requires a great deal of light control and has the most risk of overexposure and could possibly lose details around the portrait, which is something we don’t want! So, the background of this portrait is paper because it is slightly overexposed which results in a pure white seamless background. Also, if a model is involved, it is best for them to wear bright clothing.

revolutionary work.

I love music and I love the way it changes the way you tell a story. One of the Art Professors here at, Guilford College, came up with a topic on how music has changed but yet still stay the same. Everyone in the room received a different objective through a little piece of paper. I got, “paint a picture without using paint.” I created a portrait of Nina Simone.

Years ago, way before I was born, Nina Simone came up with a song by the name of “Mississippi G–dam.” In this time period, for you to be a black woman and to even be in the music business was a huge deal! But, then she came out with this song and people started losing their minds! Speechless even. In the song, Nina was talking about all the problems that were happening from Alabama to Mississippi, to the mistreatment of black people.

Nina Simone used her success to promote the revolution and even marched from Selma to Montgomery with several well-known civil rights leaders including Martin L. King and Malcolm X. (She was also neighbors with X.) At the march she sang “Mississippi G–dam” where more people started to hear about it and caused her career to fall.

No one wanted to book her anymore because they all thought she was going to come out with her ideas on revolutionizing and resisting and that didn’t help because most of her audience were white people.

Her documentary: What happened Nina Simone? explains more in-depth on her life and her music career.

About the portrait:

Nina Simone is surrounded by brown circles with green blotches that represented black women in uniforms wanting black liberation: black-women

and behind them are lyrics to one of Nina’s most controversial songs. Her shirt says “g–dam!” and is shaded in to represent her 1971 album, “Here Comes The Sun.” Above her head are fists in all shades fighting for one thing: Liberation.

Alternatives to paint used for portrait:

  • oil pastels
  • cigarette ash
  • melted plastic
  • pencil
  • pen